CN! Tagged: gilead, black cottonwood, medicine, tree, natural medicine, CascadiaNow!, PO Box 30181, Seattle, WA 98113. The oil will turn a deep golden color and become very fragrant. Like fine perfume or essential oil.… Many kinds of animals use the twigs of Populus balsamifera for food. Place your plant cuttings into the rooting hormone (only the bottom portion of the stems) and let soak for a couple hours, then plant in a pot with soil and care for as usual. It, however, is very good wildlife habitat and is very valuable for quick restoration along floodplains and other moist areas. As a folk medicine, Cottonwood and other Willow family members were used for wet, damp respiratory afflictions. Step 1 – Do not wash the buds -blend or pinch open the buds. The Menominee put the resinous buds in fat which was then used in the nostrils for a head cold, and they used a decoction of resinous buds in fat as a salve for wounds. Did you know that we support grassroots projects in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana? *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. The gum from the buds was used to treat baldness, sore throats, whooping cough and tuberculosis. Pour the boiling water onto the cuttings and leave overnight. Sample Formulation with Cottonwood Oil . The resin was extracted and revered as a great healing salve. Rain City Slam: 2019 Grand Slam Championship! It contains substances that are known to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells (caffeic acid phenethyl ester-CAPE) (Broadhurst and Duke – 1998) When to Harvest: Buds appear on cottonwood trees from late winter to early spring. You will notice that some of the buds have catkins inside. It has a very fragrant aroma. I am always surprised when the humans around me complain of the mess or the possibility of allergies. Stur, Ernst T. (1933) Manual of Pacific Coast Drug plants, Ernst Theodore Stuhr Papers, Oregon State University Archives, Corvallis, Oregon. by Todd Walker. The Iroquois used cottonwood to kill worms in adults, arthritis, skin eruptions and scabs and a decoction of bark taken as a laxative. Edible Parts: Flowers, Inner bark, Sap, Edible Uses: Flour, Salad, Vegetable, Potherb, Drink, Inner bark - raw or dried. An infusion of the bark was used for sore throats. Cover the cottonwood buds with a good organic olive oil. The Balm of Gilead is mentioned in the Christian bible and the Torah. I place my oiled buds near my heater and keep it warm without a stove top. The resins of this tree feed the bees and butterflies and the resin is collected by bees to protect the hive. They stabilize river banks and provide shade. The resin contains “salicin” – the same compound that gives aspirin its pain relieving and fever reducing benefits. It is a parent of fast-growing hybrid poplars such as P. trichocarpa x p. deltoides, which are being grown specifically for paper products and biofuels. Rabbits and hares eat the bark. Whenever you make a product that concentrates the compounds of an edible plant the product may not be edible anymore, use caution if using any concentrated product internally. Take cuttings from a Black Cottonwood tree. This resin, when turned into propolis by bees, contains a medicine that eases sore muscles, arthritic joints and helps to heal damaged skin. Seeds may be dispersed by wind or water. Habitat: It usually grows on wet to moist sites in floodplains and along rivers. The fruits are round, green, hair capsules that split when ripe into 3 parts. Posted on March 8, 2016 by Survival Sherpa. project Rain City Slam presents it’s 2019 Grand Slam featuring legendary poet Wil Gibson. & A.Gray ex Hook) Brayshaw, (POP-yu-lus ball-sum-IF-er-uh subspecies tri-ko-KAR-pa). Balsamifera means balsam (aromatic resin)-bearing. It is in his book “Medicinal Plants of the Pacific West“. Allow to cool and solidify before covering with lids. The resin has been used to waterproof boxes and baskets, and the bark has been used to make buckets for storing and carrying food. Cottonwood pollen is another major allergen. Many other tribal people collected the buds in the early spring and boiled in deer fat to make a fragrant salve. Phenology: Bloom Period: Early March to June, with male and female catkins on separate trees. It is known as a good light wood. It is usually ground into a powder and used as a flour, this is normally mixed with other flours for making bread etc.. Pour into clean tins or jars. As a folk medicine, Cottonwood and other Willow family members were used for wet, damp respiratory afflictions. FLOWERS Male and Female flowers in catkins, on separate plants; male flowers with 40-60 stamens, female flowers with 3 stigmas. The buds can also be put in hot water and used as an inhalant to relieve congested nasal passages. Distribution of Black Cottonwood from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). These barks were harvested in late spring. The bark was boiled and the infusion was used for a gargle to treat sore throats (Gunther 1945). Medicinal use of Eastern Cottonwood: The bark contains salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body. Posts Tagged With: medicinal uses of tulip poplar. A soap and a hair wash were made from the ashes of burned cottonwood. They would not burn the wood but would often listen to the trees for direction. It becomes very large very fast and is also very messy. The sweet-smelling sticky sap, also known as "Balm of Gilead", has been used for centuries to treat a variety of skin troubles, from cuts and scrapes to minor burns and bruises. Bruised leaves were also placed on cuts as an antiseptic. It reaches from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. Let it set. So, if you are allergic to aspirin, you will probably react to Balm of Gilead tincture as well. Buds are sticky with resin and are fragrant. The fruits are hairy, rounded, 3-part capsules that split to release numerous cottony seeds that float through the air. These do not have as much resin and are less preferred for medicine than the leaf buds. The leaves of the tree serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera. Medicinal use of Cottonwood: The inner bark was consumed by various native North American Indian tribes in order to prevent scurvy. The seeds are covered with white, fluffy hairs that help propel them through the air. Catkins appear before the leaves in the spring. Step 2 – Gently heat. I hear the other humans calling the Black Cottonwood a nuisance or a tall weed. The leaves are a food source for insects in the water, the insects are then eaten by salmon and trout. Paint and dyes were made from the yellow and red resins of early spring buds. Cottonwood will plant itself and take root where few other trees will grow. The fluffy seeds can travel 20 miles on a breeze, they can be carried on streams and rivers and rest in a vernal pool. It is made into a tea and used as a wash for sprains, inflammation, muscle pains etc. What you’ve read in books and watched on YouTube may not apply to your locale. Commercial extracts are produced from the fragrant buds for use as a perfume in cosmetics. Pour a couple of cups of buds and oil into the muslin, bundle it up, twist the cloth and squeeze with all your might. They also contain … Other uses include kite sticks, strawberry boxes, and paper. If you do not have a double boiler you can create your own by placing a small pot in a larger pot with an inch or two of water in the bottom pot. Nourishing Neighbors is a "pay-it-forward" program that lets patrons of local businesses donate towards the next meal for a community member in need. Notice I used the word your land. It was a substance collected from several varieties of Middle Eastern and East African trees and was said to have many curative powers. In the spring, bees chew the resin from the cottonwood and digest it with their own enzymes to make bee medicine and glue called Propolis. The gum from the spring buds was used to waterproof baskets and boxes. For larger amounts, using a blender will save you a considerable amount of time. It is the leaf buds that are used … Let’s take an in-depth look at how to use trees for medicine, but first let’s examine 10 of the more popular medicinal trees: Alder – Astringent used as a wound wash and healing agent on deep wounds. The wood is also used for fuel. Black Cottonwood is also a favorite nesting or perching tree for many bird species (Bald Eagle, owls, ospreys, hawks, hummingbirds, woodpeckers, etc.). Leaf and bark teas are used to treat tonsillitis, fever, as a douche, and for hemorrhoids. If it is too liquid, melt with a little more beeswax. The infused oil can be added to beeswax to make a balm or salve. It should be noted however, that some people develop an allergic reaction, which is more common with the tincture than with the ointment. Pour oil and buds into the blender. When you pinch the buds and see resin inside, it is the perfect time to gather them. Place back in the double boiler. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. Propagation is similar to that of willows. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) Related Articles: Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? The resin is the sap from the tree. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. The inner bark was used to reinforce other fibers in spinning. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. The tall tree with its furrowed bark and a yellowish hue is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae), and like other poplars, contains resins and cambium with medicinal, food and material uses. The gum-like sap was even used as a glue or as waterproofing. Today Black Cottonwood is used for the interior layers of plywood and for paper products, especially high-grade book and magazine paper. It's potent, sweet, and heady. You can smell the fragrance in the air on the first warm days. The tree just happens to disperse its seeds at the same time that other plants release their pollen. and possibly Commiphora meccanensis. The numerous fluffy seeds of Black Cottonwood resemble snowfall in summer. So strong is the need to propagate, even a fallen branch will sprout where it comes to rest. Great Northwest Productions, a CN! The leaf buds are covered with a resinous sap that has a strong turpentine odour and a bitter taste. Cottonwood trees tend to warp and shrink, and the wood doesn’t have an attractive grain, so the wood is often used to make pallets, crates and boxes. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. How do you work with medicinal wood? The bees use the resin as a type of bee glue. Quinault – kalle’tsalx Squaxin – stsa’pats. Let the pressed oil rest for an hour or so. Broadhurst, C. Leigh, Ph.D and Duke, James A. Ph.D, (1998) Propolis: An Age-Old Medicine, Mother Earth Living, Natural Home, Healthy Life March/April – Viewed on the web 12-01-2012 at. According to Indian legend, a cottonwood leaf was twisted around a finger, and it formed a cone and tepees were discovered." Because of its salicin content, it was used raw or in salves to treat various ailments. The cottonwood oil is now ready for use. THE USE OF COTTONWOOD BY THE FIRST PEOPLES OF CASCADIA. You can also explore another method of making the infused oil by Michael Moore. Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera ssp trichocarpa) is a native broadleaf tree that grows in the wet regions of the Western Washington lowlands (including Seattle). The balsam is not water soluble, so it is necessary to extract it either with fat, by macerating it in oil or cocoa butter in a warm place (do not boil, otherwise the buds might get burnt), or to prepare an alcoholic extract (tincture). I looked up into the sky and watched the fluffy seeds twirl and dance above me. In our region, Black Cottonwood is very common. It?s cottonwood! The resin is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, febrifuge, stimulating and expectorant. Young shoots were used to make sweat lodges. Beavers eat the bark and use stems for dams and woodpeckers nest in old trees. Use by People: Natives used Black Cottonwood for many medicinal purposes. There are many different firewood species to choose from. The tree flowers before leaves open up. Use by wildlife: Streamside Black Cottonwoods create favorable fish habitat by providing stream bank stability, increasing nutrient availability by the shedding of leaves and twigs, and creating a shaded microclimate. Uses: Reforestation, ripairan area restoration, windbreaks, cover for birds, habitat; it is often used to control flooding. If you have a small amount you can simply pinch the buds with your fingernail. Within 24 hours of hitting its mark, the seed will sprout. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. Over very low heat, or in the top of a double boiler, stir and melt the beeswax. This would be used externally or internally for pain relief, inflammation or fever. The gum that exudes from the burls was placed directly on wounds and cuts. Cottonwood oil and balm is especially helpful for swollen arthritic joints and sore muscles. Apple – Tree bark is used to treat fevers and diarrhea. Meyer, Joseph E. (1918) (Revised 1970) The Herbalist, Meyer Books Publishing, Pojar & McKinnon, (1994) Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast, Washington, Oregon, British Columbia & Alaska, Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver, British Columbia. A compound called salicin, which is found in the leaves, buds and bark of cottonwood, has been proven to lower fevers and reduce inflammation and pain. It also makes an excellent massage oil for sore muscles. The species is native to western North America, and is a coastal species ranging from Alaska to California and as far inland as the Rockies. Medicinal Uses of Cottonwood Answered by: Susan Eagles and Conrad Richter Question from: Sylevestion McGibbon Posted on: March 13, 2007 I am requesting information on the plant cottonwood leaves and its medicinal value, and seed for propagating. Here?s an interesting bit of information. The cottony seeds are often seen drifting in a summer breeze, giving the tree its common name of Cottonwood. Today Black Cottonwood is used for the interior layers of plywood and for paper products, especially high-grade … Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife. Related Species: White Poplar (Populus alba) Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera) Most propolis research focuses on resins from forests where bees collect mainly from the poplar (Populus) genus and, to a lesser extent, beech, chestnut, birch, and conifer trees. They used the gum of the burls on cuts and wounds. Wetland designation: FAC, Facultative, it is equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. They used the gum of the burls on cuts and wounds. Knowledge and use of Indigenous plants by Native Americans, University of Washington Press. This will help the resin to more easily release into the oil. CascadiaNow! Use by People: Natives used Black Cottonwood for many medicinal purposes. It was commonly used by many native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its antiseptic and expectorant properties, using it to treat lung complaints, wounds, skin conditions etc. Anchorage. Every spring the Black Cottonwood disperses its white fluffy seeds upon the world. (1945) (Revised 1973) Ethnobotany of Western Washington. Twigs and buds are food for deer, moose, and elk. Other medicinal uses of cottonwood bark have been recorded such as treatment of whooping cough, tuberculosis, colds, and intestinal parasites. As a child growing up in Oregon, I loved to walk in the cottonwood snow drifts. Native Americans used Cottonwood trunks for dugout canoes. Browse 43 black cottonwood stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. Black Cottonwoods make millions of seeds, usually in the last week of May and the seeds are dispersed on the winds- casting themselves as far from the mother tree as possible. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. This is Rain City Slam’s most fierce competition of the year! Many medicinal uses. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). … Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar, Tacamahac, Balm of Gilead and Populus balsamifera. Many instruments of ceremony were made of cottonwood. You will need: extra virgin olive oil (enough to cover the buds), a double boiler, a blender (only if you are making a large amount), a pressing cloth like muslin, a strainer and a glass jar for long-term storage. Step 3 – Press out the oil. It is used particularly in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps. Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. The ‘balm of gilead’ of the Bible is a resin-exuding tree related to myrrh (Commiphora myrrha), frankincense (Boswellia spp.) Black Cottonwood trees ( Populus balsamifera or trichocarpa) can be found growing along rivers and in moist forests. Huff worthy. Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. It is often found on flood plains and is known to extract water up through it roots to control flooding in many areas. Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. They take root in pure sand or gravel along riverbanks. The buds are also antiseptic and can be added to other herbal oils to prevent rancidity and molding. Foraging wild food requires practice, knowledge, and experience on your landscape. The wood from the tree was used to smoke fish (mostly inland tribes). That’s all there is to it. The wood, roots and bark were used for firewood, canoe making, rope, fish traps, baskets and structures. Remove any leaves that would be in the rooting area (you don’t want leaves to soak in the rooting hormone). Trichocarpa means with hairy fruits, referring to its fluffy seeds. Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Scans/Pictures: Eastern Cottonwood (sanded) Eastern Cottonwood (sealed) Eastern Cottonwood (endgrain) Eastern Cottonwood (endgrain 10x) Subscribe. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Virginia Tech ID Fact Sheet + Landowner Fact Sheet, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. Gunther, Erna. (Gunther 1945). “There is a Balm in Gilead, To make the wounded whole,” -traditional African American Spiritual, The biblical Balm of Gilead is nearly indistinguishable from bee propolis; Balm of Gilead is made of resin from various poplars, including P. balsamifera, P. nigra, and P. gileadensis.”-Broadhurst and Duke 1998. Once oil stops dripping, empty the buds into a compost container and continue pressing until done. Turn on and blend just until the buds are mostly broken open. Black cottonwood buds may hold the finest natural fragrance found in the Los Padres National Forest. Heat on a very low setting. Bees collect the resin, which is an anti-infectant, for their hives and seal intruders (such as mice and other invaders) in the resin to prevent decay and protect the hive (Pojar and Mackinnon p. 46). Alaska Department of Fish and Game. A dribble of resin oozing from the leaf bud of a black cottonwood tree (Populus trichocarpa) growing along the Santa Ynez River. The leaves are alternate, deciduous, thick and oval with heart-shaped base and sharp-pointed tip. (Butterflies, moths and skippers). The bark was used for food for their horses as well as in medicinal tea. Tilford, Gregory L., Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, ISBN 0-87842-359-1. 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black cottonwood medicinal uses
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